Item of the Week – David Creigh Cartoon

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Item of the Week – October 4, 2013

This article and cartoon, printed in the Charleston Daily Mail on November 24, 1957, discusses the trial and death of David S. Creigh, the Greenbrier Martyr. Newspapers can often tell us a lot about the subject of the article as well as the time period in which the article was printed.

In November 1863, Creigh, a popular Lewisburg resident, fought and killed a Union soldier who was caught breaking his home and harassing his wife. Knowing that the Union commanders would not listen to his story, Creigh hid the body in an old dry well on his property. Unfortunately, the story spread and Creigh was arrested, sentenced to death, and hung outside of Brownsburg, Virginia.

The death of David Creigh is just one of the stories that will be told at the Haunted History event on Friday October 4th and 18th from 5-7pm.

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October Tombstone Tours

503 The Greenbrier Historical Society will host a historic tour of the City of Lewisburg cemeteries on Friday October 11th and Friday October 25th 2013 at 5:00pm. The tour will discuss a few of the notable individuals buried in the cemetery, as well as our area’s sometimes bloody history. All ages are welcome. Children under 10 must be accompanied by an adult. Tours can also be scheduled upon request for a larger group or class.

Tombstone Tours will leave from the North House promptly at 5:00pm. We suggest that you arrive a few minutes early to pick-up your “Pay What You Can” tickets. Contact the Greenbrier Historical Society at 304-645-3398 or info@greenbrierhistorical.org for more information about these and other fun and educational activities.

Haunted History Tours

 

Photo courtesy of Pamela Barry Photography

                                  Photo courtesy of Pamela Barry Photography

Join the Greenbrier Historical Society on October’s First Friday in Downtown Lewisburg for a haunted candlelit tour of the North House. For two nights only – Friday October 4th and Friday October 18th, 2013 from 5pm to 7pm – the historical society will open its doors for an evening of thrills, chills, and fall fun. The North House will once again be visited by a number of spirits who are yearning to tell our guests their tragic stories.  Come walk the darkened hallways, listen for unexplained footsteps, and prepare yourself for ghostly images.

Tours will begin every 30 minutes with a limited number of tickets for each tour. The admission fee will be “Pay What You Can” and will go to support the Greenbrier Historical Society and North House Museum.  If you have any questions or require more information, please call 304-645-3398 or email info@greenbrierhistorical.org.

GHS Receives Virginia Meadows Collection

R-L: GHS Director Beth McMullen, George Collins, Mrs. Virginia Meadows, GHS Archivist Jim Talbert

The Greenbrier Historical Society was very excited to receive a wonderful collection of photographs this past spring from Mrs. Virginia Meadows and the Rainelle Ranger Alumni Committee. This collection, a much appreciated addition to the Greenbrier Historical Society’s Archives and Library, includes photographs of the Rainelle High School,  the Meadow River Lumber Company, and the Town of Rainelle.

A native of Greenbrier County, Mrs. Meadows taught Math and Physical Education and was the advisor to the Hi-Y, Cheerleading, and Intramural programs at Rainelle High School beginning in 1961.  In 1992, the Rainelle Ranger Alumni Committee organized the first all-school reunion of Rainelle High School. Mrs. Meadows was very involved with the Alumni Committee, actively collecting and copying photographs and memorabilia for commemorative booklets and displays. It is through her hard work and generosity that the collection has been donated to us.

George “Tink” Collins (Rainelle Class of 1964) was instrumental in organizing the collection and labeling all of the photographs before they were given to GHS. Mr. Collins is currently the Director of Museum Studies at Tusculum College in Greeneville, Tennessee.

To view the Virginia Meadow’s Collection, visit the Greenbrier Historical Society’s Archives and Library, located at 301 West Washington Street in Lewisburg, WV. GHS is open to the public free of charge, Monday through Saturday from 10am to 4pm or by appointment. For more information, contact us at 304.645.3398 or archives@greenbrierhistorical.org.

Item of the Week – Small Flax Spinning Wheel

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Item of the Week – September 6, 2013
This small flax spinning wheel, currently on display at the North House Museum, was once owned by Elizabeth Coffman Rodgers. Elizabeth was born in 1815 on Davis Stuart Road near Lewisburg, in what was at that time the Commonwealth of Virginia. Elizabeth grew up learning the crafts of spinning, dyeing and weaving from family members. She even made a living selling her distinctive bed coverings long before she married at the age of 29.

Elizabeth was quite a prolific coverlet maker at a time when only men were expected to be professional weavers. Many examples of her work are to be found around the Greenbrier area and the Greenbrier Historical Society has six in its collection.

Item of the Week: Photo of Court Street

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Item of the Week: August 30, 2013

This historic photograph from the Greenbrier Historical Society’s Archives depicts downtown Lewisburg, circa 1920. The photographer is facing North at the intersection of Court and Randolph Streets. The Greenbrier County Courthouse is on the right and the Old Lewisburg Hotel is on the left. It is believed that the Lewisburg Hotel was first operated by George D. Farr of Washington, DC around 1910. It had several owners over the years. In 1950, the name was even changed to “Wright’s Inn” when it was purchased by Oscar V.  Wright and his wife Walone Elizabeth Wright.  Today, the building is home to the Paul S. Detch Law Office.

Note the dirt road, telephone poles, and early automobiles. You can even see an example of 1920s fashion on the women walking in front of the Courthouse.

50 Years of History: A Look Back

Article By Janie Kirk

In 1963, a goodly number of folks in Greenbrier County came together to make official an organization that had existed loosely for about 20 years.  Their interest in recording the stories of the area motivated them to establish an institution that would forever seek to research, educate and preserve the history of the Greenbrier area.  Fifty years have elapsed since the formation of the Greenbrier Historical Society (GHS), making 2013 a special year of celebration.

Far from being dead, history is made every day, and by 1963, there existed several hundred years to capture, compile and commemorate.  During 2013, special events and programs will highlight the work of the Society over the past 50 years.  The public will be invited to participate in a variety of activities, some of which will occur at the North House Museum, the home of the GHS. This beautiful house museum displays historical objects, and documents many of the high points of the nearly 200 years since the home was built.  This extraordinary museum is open free to the public, Monday through Saturday year-round.

Since the GHS represents all Greenbrier area residents, it is the job of the Society to introduce each new generation to the fascinating history of the area.  Watch for subsequent articles in this paper that will relate stories that have appeared in the pages of The Journal of the Greenbrier Historical Society during the past 50 years.

Volume I, Number 1 of The Journal, dated 1 August 1963, introduced the newly formed Society and provided information of the earliest times in the Greenbrier area.  It also introduced the official seal of the Greenbrier Historical Society, reproduced here.

The Greenbrier Historical Society Seal

The Greenbrier Historical Society Seal

What is a seal, anyway?  It is a pictorial representation of a group or family.  People who live in West Virginia know its flag contains the WV coat of arms that is also the basis of the state seal.  It’s distinctive center boulder shows the date of the state’s founding, June 20, 1863.  In the foreground, two crossed rifles and a liberty cap signify the importance of fighting for liberty.  Two men represent agriculture and industry with related symbols and implements.  The outer ring contains the state’s name and motto, “Montani Semper Liberi,”  Mountaineers Are Always Free.

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               The West Virginia Seal

The Greenbrier Historical Society seal uses symbols to represent its concepts and aspirations, or the standards around which like-minded individuals can rally to accomplish a common purpose.  The Society’s description of its seal, as printed in Volume I, Number 1 of The Journal, is paraphrased here.                                                      

Two concentric outer circles represent the limits of the universe within which human thought and action are confined.  Between these circles and the inner circle are the name of the organization and its date of birth, and the artist’s concept of the plant from which the area derives its name – the green brier.  The triangle lines subtend equal segments of the inner circle and represent the span of life, bounded by youth, maturity and senescence.  The areas of interest of the Society are shown in the three words just outside the triangle – Research, Education, Preservation.  Prominently displayed across the base of the triangle is the word “VERITAS”, meaning truth, to emphasize the ultimate objective of the Society.  Immediately above this slogan, in a central position, is pictured a lighted silver lamp, symbolizing man’s capacity for combining art and utility in his quest for the truth and its promise of freedom.  Above the lamp, in the apex of the triangle, is pictured an open eye surrounded by a halo.  This is symbolic of alertness, perception, knowledge and wisdom required for the discernment of the elements of truth.  In each of the arcs surrounding the triangle are small symbols:  one represents the human male, another the female, and the third is the symbol of Eternity.  These ancient characters invite our respect for the accomplishments of our ancestors.

Writing for Volume I, Number 1 of The Journal was Dr. Harry E. Handley, born in the 1890s on Hartland, his parent’s farm about two miles west of Lewisburg.  A physician who developed a keen interest in public health, Dr. Handley returned to his home state, and to Greenbrier County, where he was instrumental in the formation and growth of GHS.  His article about the Mathews Trading Post provided a detailed description of the who, what, where and when of this activity along the banks of the Greenbrier River near the mouth of Howard’s Creek.

From the first Journal article comes the following:

THE MATHEWS TRADING POST
by Harry E. Handley

“The first trading post, or store, within the confines of the present limits of Greenbrier, for which there is any known record, was owned by Sampson and George Mathews, and is said to have been located on the Greenbrier River, not far from the mouth of Howards Creek, at or near the shallows in the river now known as Mathews Ford.

“Two of the Day Books, in which were kept an accounting of the charges for purchases made and credits for produce sold to the store, have survived. They cover the time interval 8 April 1771 to 26 Jan. 1778.

“The names of many of the customers appear only once during the more than twenty-one months covered by the two books, but the names of others appear repeatedly, and from the various entries it is possible to gain considerable insight into the tenor of community life in this frontier area. It is proposed to explore this approach in considerable detail in a future article, but for the present only the names of those mentioned in the two books are being given, followed by the month and year of the first mention, the month and year of last mention, and occasional notation of relations or associates and types of purchases and sales. Names are spelled as shown on the first entry, with later spellings indicated in parentheses.

“Sampson and George Mathews were two of the sons of Capt. John Mathews, who with his family settled to the south of the Borden Grant, between Lexington and Buena Vista, in the present Rockbridge County, Va., during the period 1730-1737. Mention is made of other stores operated by the Mathews contemporaneously with the one in Greenbrier, which were located in Staunton and on the Cowpasture.”

The Journal article proceeded to list several pages of Mathews Trading Post patrons’ names, many of which are familiar in the area today.

The Journal Volume I, Number 1, and all issues up to the present, are accessible through the archives maintained at the North House Museum in Lewisburg.  Located at 301 West Washington Street, next to New River Community College, the public is encouraged to visit, do research, learn history of the area, and to preserve the stories of family and friends for future generations to enjoy and appreciate. All interested persons are invited to membership, and may be in residence anywhere in the world.  Please call the Greenbrier Historical Society at 304.645.3398 for additional information.